Green cleaning refers to using cleaning methods and products with environmentally friendly ingredients designed to preserve human health and environmental quality.
Green cleaning techniques and products avoid the use of chemically reactive and toxic cleaning products which contain various toxic chemicals, some of which emit volatile organic compounds causing respiratory and dermatological problems.
Green cleaning can also describe the way residential and industrial cleaning products are manufactured, packaged and distributed. If the manufacturing process is environmentally friendly and the products are biodegradable, then the term “green” or “eco-friendly” may apply.
Bringing Green Products into your cleaning program will serve as a key differentiators in the eyes of your customers, especially if they have or are children. Some of the benefits of using green cleaning products and practices include:
Biodegradability of a substance is its susceptibility for decomposition by microorganisms and natural environmental factors, to innocuous end products. The relevance of biodegradability pertains more to man-made chemicals, which after their use should be biodegraded, as otherwise they will tend to accumulate in nature to such levels that are harmful to the environment and the ecosystem.
Sanitation is the process of reducing the number of microorganisms to a level that has been officially approved as safe. It is the control bacterial levels in equipment and utensils found in dairies, other food-processing plants, eating and drinking establishments, and other places in which no specific pathogenic microorganisms are targeted..
Disinfection is the elimination or inactivation of disease causing (pathogenic) microorganisms and other harmful microorganisms by physical and chemical means. (Disinfection is less lethal than sterilization, because it destroys most recognized pathogenic microorganisms but not necessarily all microbial forms)
A Disinfectant is a chemical or physical agent employed outside the body for disinfection.
The calcium and magnesium ions in hard water tend to form salts and get deposited on surfaces. The deposition is called scale. This occurs under conditions of time and temperature and the process is called scaling.
pH is a measure of acidity or alkalinity of a solution, numerically measured in the range of ‘0 – 14’. At pH 7, a solution will neither be acidic nor alkaline and it will be denoted as neutral. Above 7, the solution will be alkaline, the strength of which increasing in increase of numbers. Below 7, the solution will be acidic with strength increasing with decrease in numbers.
Detergent is a cleaning agent, which is usually a synthetic chemical. Soap, obtained by treatment of natural oils and fats with alkali is also a cleaning agent, but it is not referred to as detergent.
A surfactant is a chemical molecule which has a water loving (hydrophilic) part at one end and a fat loving (lipophilic) part at the other end. Surfactants reduce the surface tension between two immiscible substances (e.g. water and oil) so that dispersal of one in the other is achieved. Surfactants have detergent, emulsifying and wetting properties. All these three properties are involved in the cleaning process. Surfactants are thus important ingredients in cleaning formulations.
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